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The International Conservation Society - A Nonprofit Environmental Organization (NGO)

International Conservation Society's Soil Conservation Page

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Soil erosion above a road. Notice the proximity to
the water and the inevitable contamination that will ensue.

Welcome to the International Conservation Society's Soil Conservation Page. We depend on the soil conservation to keep the rest of the environment intact. Soil shares a particularly special symbiosis with plants. The soil provides nutrients to the plants, which are in turn passed up the food chain.
The plants are critical to soil conservation. They, in turn, keep the soil in place with their root systems. This is vital, because if soil is not kept in place the results are disasterous.

Compare a lake not yet subject to runoff to one
that has eutrophized. In the later stages the lake will become a bog or fill in completely.

If nutrient rich topsoil and subsoil run off, they cannot be replaced. The runoff is devastating for both plant and aquatic life.
The plants cannot grow in the rocky, nutrient-poor subsoil.  The soil and its nutrients cause eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems, filling them in partially or completely and causing excess plant life to choke off the fish populations.
This damage occurs not only in freshwater ecosystems, but in marine ecosystems and coral reefs as well, forever dimming or snuffing their beauty.
Environmental damage occurs not only from soil runoff, but from soil contamination as well. Chemicals are dumped into the earth from mining and other industrial waste disposal. These then in turn contaminate the plants that grow in the soil, seep into the drinking water, and also run off into aquatic ecosystems. This is known as non-point-source pollution.  For more information on the soil contamination caused by mining visit our mineral resources section.
This pollution contaminates aquatic wildlife and is passed up the foodchain in greater concentrations. It often enters the human body through the fish and shellfish we eat.
To learn more about the soil and its interrelation with water and plants click on the links below.

Soil and Water Conservation Society

Article by Australian commission linking sugar cane plantation runoff to Great Barrier Reef destruction.

EPA link on how to help prevent runoff and non-point source pollution

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We are currently located at:
Indra Valley Inn,
Bukit Lawang
Near the entrance to the Gunung Leuser National Park's Bohorok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center
North Sumatra, Indonesia
Yangshuo, Guilin, China